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Protect your business from easily getting hacked

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If you’ve ever worried about your online security, you’re in the right place.

I used to have a big problem. My online accounts were getting hacked. It felt like I was fighting a losing battle. I tried everything. New phone, avoiding dodgy websites, not clicking on email links. Despite all that, the hacks kept coming.

One of the worst experiences was getting locked out of my accounts. It was like being locked out of my own home. On one occasion, I had just wiped my mobile. I was locked out of all my accounts. I didn’t save the emergency backup codes.

I also had issues with Google Authenticator. It’s a popular tool, but it’s far from perfect. One of its biggest flaws is that it doesn’t let you restore backup codes. This means that if you lose them, you’re locked out for good.

Once, I lost my iPhone. I tried to use the Find My iPhone feature. But I was locked out of my Apple ID. I needed a One-Time Password (OTP) to get back in, but I didn’t have my phone.

These experiences taught me a valuable lesson. Our digital lives need protecting, just like our homes. Your digital identity is precious. It’s got your photos, emails, locations, plans and more. That’s why it’s so important to secure it.

And that’s why I wrote this article. I learned the hard way that you need a backup for everything. Let’s delve into digital security together. Let’s make sure we’re not locked out of our digital homes.

Common Types of Attacks

Before we plunge into the nitty-gritty of safeguarding our digital existence, it’s vital to grasp the digital dangers that we encounter day in, day out. This knowledge won’t only underline the importance of rock-solid security measures but will also arm us with the ability to spot such hazards. In this section, we’re going to get up close and personal with a few run-of-the-mill attacks that cyber baddies like to use. And don’t worry, we’ll be using some easy-peasy real-life comparisons to help paint a picture of these often hard-to-grasp digital threats.

This article might be a bit of a long read, and some of the tech terms might seem a bit scary, but I’ve done my best to keep things as simple as possible. Trust me, understanding this is crucial for the security of your digital life and your business.

If anything puzzles you, don’t hesitate to drop me a question in the comments. We’re in this together!

  1. Brute Force Attacks: In a brute force attack, an attacker uses a software tool to guess your password by trying all possible combinations. For instance, if your password is ‘123456’, an incredibly common and weak password, a brute force tool could guess it within seconds. This is because most brute force tools start with the most common passwords and combinations. Consider a burglar trying to guess the code for your house alarm and starting with ‘0000’. If your password is more complex, with uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols, it becomes exponentially more difficult for the tool to crack it.

  2. Phishing: In a phishing attack, a hacker pretends to be a trusted entity to trick you into giving them your personal information. For example, you might receive an email that appears to be from your bank, informing you that your account has been compromised. The email will contain a link, urging you to click on it to secure your account. When you click on the link, it redirects you to a webpage that looks just like your bank’s login page. You enter your login credentials, but instead of logging into your account, you’re sending your username and password directly to the cybercriminal.
  3. Proxy Redirects: In a proxy redirect attack, hackers manipulate your internet settings to redirect you to fraudulent websites when you try to visit legitimate ones. For instance, you might type in the correct URL for your bank, ‘‘, expecting to see your bank’s login page. Instead, you’re redirected to a website that looks identical to your bank’s website. If you enter your login credentials on this fake site, you’ve just handed them over to the hacker.
  4. OTP Theft: OTP, or One-Time Password, is often used as a second layer of security for online transactions. In an OTP theft attack, a hacker intercepts the OTP sent to your device when you’re carrying out a transaction. For instance, you might receive an OTP on your phone, but before you can use it, a pop-up message asks you to forward the OTP to a different number for verification purposes. If you do so, you would be giving the hacker direct access to your OTP, allowing them to complete the transaction on your behalf.
  5. Session Hijacking: When you log into a website, a session is created between your device and the site, which lasts until you log out. In a session hijacking attack, a hacker steals the session cookie, which allows them to impersonate you on the website. For example, you might be logged into your email account on a public computer and forget to log out. A cybercriminal could then hijack your session and gain access to your emails, even after you’ve left the premises.
  6. Malware: Malware refers to malicious software designed to harm or exploit any computing device or network. For example, you might download a game from an untrustworthy website, not knowing that it comes bundled with a Trojan. This Trojan might start recording your keystrokes, including your passwords, credit card numbers, and other personal information, the moment you start playing the game.

  7. SIM Cloning: SIM cloning is a method employed by hackers to replicate a genuine SIM card’s information. Through this technique, they are able to intercept your communication, including calls and messages. Crucially, this also includes one-time passwords (OTPs) which are often used for two-factor authentication. An indicator that your SIM might have been cloned is an unexpected loss of network coverage, as the clone SIM card is now receiving your communications. This situation is highly risky as it potentially exposes sensitive information, such as OTPs for banking transactions, to malicious entities.
  8. Unsecured Apps: Unsecured apps are those that have not been developed with proper security measures, leaving them vulnerable to exploitation. For instance, let’s say you download a new flashlight app on your phone that requests access to your contact list, location, and even camera. The app might not be secured properly, allowing a hacker to exploit these permissions to gain access to your phone’s data, including your pictures, contacts, and even your saved passwords. This could also allow them to track your location or listen in on your conversations.
  9. MFA Code Flooding: Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is a security measure that requires multiple forms of verification to prove your identity when logging into an account. In an MFA code flooding attack, a hacker attempts to overwhelm you with authentication requests in the hope that you’ll accidentally approve a fraudulent one. For example, you’re trying to log into your Google account, and instead of the usual single 2FA prompt, you receive numerous notifications asking, “Did you just try to sign in?” or “Confirm sign-in attempt.” Amidst this flurry of notifications, the hacker is hoping that you’ll inadvertently approve their illicit login attempt, giving them access to your account.
  10. Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks: In a MitM attack, the attacker intercepts communication between two parties to steal or manipulate the data being exchanged. For example, if you’re using an unsecured public Wi-Fi network to log into your bank account, an attacker could potentially intercept the traffic between your device and the bank’s server, gaining access to your login credentials. It’s like sending a letter via a courier, but the courier opens your letter and reads its content.

  11. Credential Stuffing: Credential stuffing attacks occur when attackers use stolen account credentials (usually from data breaches) to gain unauthorized access to user accounts through large-scale automated login requests. This is possible because people often reuse the same passwords across multiple websites. For example, if your credentials for a certain website are exposed in a data breach, attackers might try these credentials on other platforms (like your email or social media), hoping that you’ve reused the same password.
  12. Keylogging: Keylogging is a method where an attacker uses a program to record every keystroke you make on your device. This information can then be used to figure out your username, password, credit card number, etc. For instance, you download a file from an email that seems harmless, but it contains a hidden keylogger. Now, every time you type anything, it gets recorded and sent to the attacker. It’s like having someone looking over your shoulder while you type your ATM pin.
  13. Social Engineering: Social engineering is a broad term that involves manipulating people into giving up their confidential information. The most common form is phishing, but it also includes other methods like baiting (enticing users to leave their secure environment), tailgating (unauthorized person following an authorized person into a secure location), and pretexting (creating a false situation to steal data). For example, a hacker might call you pretending to be from your bank, asking for your credit card details due to some ‘problem’ with your account.
  14. SMS-based Attacks: With the rise of 2FA and MFA via SMS, SMS-based attacks have also become more common. These can include smishing (phishing via SMS), where a user might receive a message directing them to a fraudulent website or prompting them to share sensitive information. Alternatively, it could be an SMS containing a malicious link that, when clicked, installs malware on the user’s device. For example, you receive an SMS claiming you’ve won a prize, and you need to click on a link to claim it. Doing so could lead to malware being installed on your device.

All these attacks exploit various aspects of digital security, which is why it’s important to maintain a high level of vigilance and follow best practices for digital hygiene.

Now that we’ve taken a closer look at the most common types of digital attacks, it’s clear we need to be on our guard. But fear not! There are simple, everyday steps we can take to protect ourselves. This brings us to our next important topic – Basic Digital Hygiene. This is like brushing your teeth or washing your hands; small actions that, done regularly, can greatly improve our health – or in this case, the health of our digital lives. Ready to dive in?

Basic Digital Hygiene

Sure, we’re going to talk about high-tech solutions like 2FA, Yubikeys, Passkeys, later in this article, but remember, just as a strong house requires a solid foundation, your digital safety relies on some basic practices. No matter how high-tech your security tools might be, they can’t do their job effectively if the basics aren’t covered. So, let’s roll up our sleeves and get into the nitty-gritty of keeping our digital lives clean and secure. Ready to learn about some easy steps that you can take right now to boost your digital safety? Let’s get started!

  1. Password Strength and Variety: Just like you wouldn’t use the same key for your house, car, and office, you shouldn’t use the same password for all your online accounts. Consider this scenario: If one account gets compromised and you use the same password everywhere, it’s like a domino effect—your other accounts could also be at risk. Therefore, it’s important to use strong, unique passwords for each account. A strong password typically includes a combination of upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters, making it difficult to guess or crack.
  2. Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): Imagine having a second lock on your door that requires a completely different key. Even if someone were to somehow get the key to the first lock, they wouldn’t be able to open the door without the second key. This is the concept behind MFA. By setting up MFA on your accounts, you’re adding an extra layer of protection. So even if a hacker gets your password, they still won’t be able to access your account without the second form of authentication, which could be a fingerprint, a text message to your phone, or an authentication app.
  3. Software Updates: Picture a fortified castle with high walls, a moat, and armed guards. Now imagine if the castle’s owner ignored a small hole in the wall. Over time, that hole could be exploited by enemies to infiltrate the castle. This is similar to how software works. Developers constantly update their software to patch up “holes” or vulnerabilities. By keeping your software updated, you’re ensuring that your defenses are as strong as they can be against potential attacks.
  4. Phishing Awareness: Consider receiving a letter that appears to be from your bank, asking you to confirm your account details. However, on closer inspection, you notice that the bank’s logo is slightly incorrect, and your name is misspelled. This scenario is akin to phishing emails. Recognizing and evading phishing attempts is an essential aspect of digital hygiene. Be suspicious of unsolicited communication requesting personal information. Always double-check the sender’s email address, the domain from which the email originates, and the content within the email to confirm its authenticity.
  5. Secure Connections: Imagine sending a letter containing sensitive information. You wouldn’t hand it off to a random passerby; you’d want to give it directly to a trusted courier. When browsing online, make sure you’re using a secure, encrypted connection (look for “https://” in the URL). This is particularly important when you’re inputting sensitive information, like credit card numbers or passwords.
  6. Regular Backups: Imagine having a second copy of every important document in a safe place. If a fire destroys the original, you’d still have the backup. The same logic applies to your digital data. Regularly back up your data to an external drive or a cloud service. That way, if something happens to your device, you won’t lose your data.

  7. Firewalls and Antivirus Software: Think of these as your digital immune system. They inspect incoming data and block threats, much like your immune system fights off infections. Keeping these systems active and updated is critical for maintaining your digital health.
  8. Regular Password Changes: Consider how you’d routinely change the locks of your home for safety reasons. Similarly, updating your passwords regularly can reduce the risk of being hacked. It’s like changing the code on your safe from time to time – even if someone was close to guessing it, the new code keeps your valuables secure.
  9. Using Licensed Software: This is akin to buying a branded lock instead of a cheap knock-off. Licensed software has been developed with security measures in place to protect your data, unlike pirated versions. It’s like choosing a reputable security company for your home alarm system instead of opting for an unverified, potentially faulty one.
  10. Avoiding Unknown Websites: This is similar to not visiting unknown or shady neighborhoods. Unknown websites might contain hidden threats like malware or phishing scams. It’s like avoiding suspicious back alleys where you’re unsure what lies in wait.

  11. Keeping Antivirus Software Enabled: Think of this like having a guard dog at home. Antivirus software scans and protects your device from threats. Turning it off is akin to letting your guard dog nap while the house could be burgled.
  12. Heeding Browser Warnings: These are equivalent to road signs warning you of danger ahead. Browsers often flag and warn users about potentially unsafe sites, and it’s best to heed these warnings. It’s like a warning sign on a fence indicating a dangerous cliff ahead – you’d do well to pay attention and stay clear.
  13. Not Logging into Random Computers: This can be likened to not leaving your personal belongings at a stranger’s place. Random computers might have malware or keyloggers that can capture and steal your login information. It’s similar to not leaving your wallet or phone unattended in a public place – you never know who might take advantage of it.
  14. Using Separate Email and Phone Number: Think about how you wouldn’t publicly display your home address or personal phone number. Similarly, having a separate email and phone number for sensitive accounts (like banking or work) that isn’t publicly exposed adds an extra layer of security. It’s like having a P.O. Box in addition to your home address – even if someone knows your P.O. Box number, they still can’t find your house.

These additional measures, when coupled with the previous ones, provide a comprehensive approach to maintaining good digital hygiene. The digital world, much like the physical one, is filled with potential risks, and practicing good habits can significantly improve your security.

So we’ve covered the basics, but are you ready to take it a step further? Let’s dive into some specific tools that can significantly bolster your digital security – starting with the browser you use and the devices you choose.

Browsers and Devices

Just like a knight wouldn’t go into battle without the right armor, we shouldn’t step into the digital world without the right tools. The browser we use and the devices we choose can play a significant role in protecting our digital lives. In this section, we’ll explore how the BRAVE browser and Apple devices (MAC and iPhone) can fortify your digital safety.

Browsing with BRAVE

Now let’s talk about the BRAVE browser. Have you ever heard of it? If not, it’s high time you did. Picture a browser that puts your privacy first, blocking all those annoying ads and trackers that follow you around the internet. Sounds good, right? That’s BRAVE for you!

You see, many websites we visit have these pesky things called trackers. They’re like digital footprints, letting companies follow you around the web, keeping tabs on what you do. It feels a bit like being followed home, doesn’t it?

BRAVE steps in and says, “Not on my watch!”. It stops these trackers in their tracks, giving you a faster, cleaner, and more private browsing experience.

And the best part? You can even earn rewards for browsing! It’s like getting paid for minding your own business. Now, who wouldn’t want that?

So why not give BRAVE a try? It’s like replacing your old, creaky, insecure front door with a shiny, new, secure one. Make the switch, and enjoy a safer, faster, and more private browsing experience.

With the right browser and device in place, let’s explore some advanced security measures that can add an extra layer of protection to your digital life.

Embracing MAC and iPhone

When it comes to devices, not all are created equal. Let’s talk about MAC and iPhone for a bit. These Apple devices are known for their robust security features. It’s like living in a house with state-of-the-art locks and a vigilant security guard on duty 24/7.

MACs and iPhones have in-built features that help protect your data from the get-go. Think about it, when was the last time you heard about a virus on a MAC?

But it’s not just about the device itself. It’s also about how you use it. One critical step you can take is setting recovery contacts. Imagine losing access to your device and not being able to get back in. Frustrating, right?

That’s where recovery contacts come into play. You can assign a trusted person to help you regain access in case you’re locked out. It’s like giving a spare key to a trusted neighbor.

The bottom line is this: your device choice matters. So why not make the switch to a MAC or iPhone? And while you’re at it, set up recovery contacts. It’s a simple step, but it can save you a lot of headaches down the line.

Remember, securing your digital life doesn’t have to be a chore. It’s all about taking the right steps and making smart choices. So go ahead, make the switch to BRAVE, embrace MAC and iPhone, and don’t forget to set up those recovery contacts. Your digital self will thank you!

Advanced Digital Security Measures

In the ever-evolving digital landscape, the importance of passwords cannot be overstated. They have been the primary method of securing our online accounts for many years. However, as technology advances and hackers become more sophisticated, relying solely on passwords is no longer enough. Let’s take a journey through the timeline of digital security measures and explore how they have evolved to provide better protection for our online lives.

Choosing the Right 2FA Method: SMS OTP vs. App OTP

Just like a moat adds an extra layer of protection to a castle, two-factor authentication (2FA) fortifies your digital realm. It’s not enough to have just a password (something you know); you need a second layer, like a One-Time Password (OTP) sent to your device (something you have).

However, beware! Not all 2FA methods offer the same level of security. Many of us use SMS-based OTPs. But what if a cybercriminal convinces your mobile operator to swap your SIM card? They’d receive your text messages, including your OTPs. It’s a frightening scenario, right? So, let’s delve deeper into more secure 2FA tools.

To address these vulnerabilities, more secure 2FA tools have been developed, such as app-based OTPs. Instead of relying on text messages, these authentication apps generate time-based OTPs directly on your device. Examples of popular authentication apps include Google Authenticator, Microsoft Authenticator, and Authy.

By using an authentication app, the OTPs are generated locally on your device and are not transmitted over the network. This significantly reduces the risk of interception by cybercriminals. Additionally, authentication apps often offer additional features like backup code restoration, which provides a safety net in case you lose access to your device.

In the next sections, we’ll explore these more secure 2FA tools in greater detail and understand how they can offer enhanced protection for your online accounts.

When it comes to 2FA, Google Authenticator is a popular choice. It’s handy, creating time-bound OTPs. But, it has a significant blind spot – it doesn’t support backup code restoration. If you lose access to the device with Google Authenticator, like after a phone format, you’ll lose all your OTPs.

I learned this the hard way when I reset my phone, not realizing that the codes wouldn’t transfer over. I found myself locked out with no backup codes.

Better Alternatives for 2FA

Thankfully, there are more forgiving alternatives to Google Authenticator. Authy, Microsoft Authenticator, and 1Password offer 2FA services, and crucially, they support backup code restoration. If you lose access to your device, you can still retrieve your codes. I switched to Authy, and now I can reset my phone without losing access to my OTPs. These apps store your 2FA codes encrypted in the cloud, so you can access them from any device after verifying your identity.

Think of a hardware security key as a physical key to your digital world. It’s a device you can plug into your computer, phone, or tablet. It’s one of the most secure authentication methods available today, using public-key cryptography to verify your identity and the login page URL, making it almost impossible for any hacker to intercept.

Take YubiKey, for instance. It’s a widely used hardware security key that works with a plethora of apps and services, including giants like Google, Facebook, Dropbox, and many more.

Let’s walk through a practical example. Suppose you’re logging into your Gmail account. After entering your password, you’re prompted to insert your YubiKey into your device’s USB port. The key sends a unique code to Google, verifying that it’s genuinely you trying to access your account. Voila, you’re logged in.

Here’s the best part. Even if someone manages to discover your password, they can’t access your account without the physical YubiKey. It’s like having a digital front door that only opens with a physical key.

But, as with anything valuable, there’s a risk of losing it. Misplace your YubiKey, and you might be locked out of your accounts, just like losing your house keys. To avoid this predicament, consider having a backup YubiKey or another 2FA method in place.

Securing Your Email Account

Your email account is like the master key to your digital world. It often serves as the recovery point for most of your other digital accounts. So, if a hacker cracks it open, they could potentially reset passwords and gain control of your other accounts.

So, how do we fortress your email account?

One straightforward, yet often overlooked, measure you can take is to create an email address that is not easily guessable. It should not include personal identifiers such as your name, phone number, or date of birth. Instead, opt for a unique combination of letters and numbers that does not directly relate to you. For example, an email address like [email protected] offers more security as it is less likely to be targeted or guessed by potential cybercriminals. Remember, your primary email account is often the key to your online identity, so make it as secure and unique as possible.

Second, armour it with a strong, unique password and enable 2FA. Given its crucial role, you could even consider adding a hardware security key to your email account for an added layer of protection.

Third, think about having a backup – a separate email account purely for recovery purposes. That way, if your primary email is compromised, the hacker won’t have immediate access to your recovery email. But don’t forget, this recovery email also needs the same level of iron-clad security.

Google has also rolled out Passkeys. Let’s talk more about it.

Google Passkeys

In the ever-evolving landscape of digital security, the authentication methods have progressed from passwords to SMS OTP, then to app OTP, and now we are entering a new phase with the introduction of passkeys and physical security keys.

Google Passkey, an example of this progression, provides a passwordless authentication experience for Google accounts. By leveraging the FIDO2 standard and public-key cryptography, users can securely access their accounts using physical security keys, biometric devices, or their mobile devices instead of relying on traditional passwords.

How it works?

  • With Google Passkey, users can use their mobile devices as the passkey or utilize physical security keys.
  • When using a mobile device as the passkey, users need to keep Bluetooth and internet connectivity enabled and maintain physical proximity to their trusted device.
  • The process involves scanning a QR code using the phone, which initiates the authentication process.
  • Additional verification is required, such as biometric authentication (face recognition, fingerprint) or the device’s screen lock, to ensure the authorized user is completing the authentication process.
  • Google Passkey eliminates the need for passwords and provides a more secure login experience.
  • As more websites and services adopt passwordless authentication, Google Passkey serves as a step towards a future where passwords are replaced with more secure and convenient methods.

Google Passkey is primarily used for logging into Google accounts, and we can expect other websites to introduce similar passwordless authentication methods in the near future. This shift aims to enhance security and streamline the authentication process across various online platforms.

The Benefits of Google Passkey:

  1. Enhanced Security: With Google Passkey, the reliance on passwords as the primary line of defense is eliminated. This reduces the risk of password-related attacks, such as phishing and credential stuffing, which are prevalent in today’s digital landscape.
  2. Convenience and Simplicity: Passwordless authentication offers a more user-friendly experience. Users no longer need to remember complex passwords or worry about password management. Instead, they can authenticate themselves quickly and easily using a registered device or biometric information.
  3. Cross-Platform Compatibility: Google Passkey is designed to work across multiple platforms and devices, providing a consistent and seamless authentication experience. Whether accessing your Google account from a computer, smartphone, or tablet, the same passwordless authentication method can be used.
  4. Protection Against Credential Theft: Since Google Passkey does not rely on passwords, the risk of password theft or compromise is greatly reduced. Even if an attacker manages to obtain a user’s security key or biometric information, it would be useless without the accompanying registered device.

Keeping Your Digital Life Updated

Software updates can feel like a pesky fly – they take time to install, and sometimes they change the interface we’ve grown so comfortable with. However, these updates often come packed with essential security enhancements and patches that shield against known vulnerabilities.

Look at it this way – you wouldn’t leave your house with a broken lock, right? Similarly, using outdated software is akin to having a broken lock in your digital security.

One way to stay on top of these updates is to automate them. Set your devices to update automatically, so you’ll always have the latest security patches. For handling sensitive digital assets, consider using a separate device that’s regularly updated. This lowers the risk of a vulnerability in one of your everyday devices leading to a security breach.

Plan for Unforeseen Events

Just as you’d prepare for real-world emergencies like a fire or flood, it’s crucial to have a game plan for digital crises. You could lose your phone, forget a password, or misplace your backup codes.

To be ready for such events, note down your backup codes and keep them safe in a secure place. Some people might prefer a physical lockbox, while others might opt for a secure digital vault. Keep in mind – this is your digital safety net, so it needs to be both well-protected and easy to access.

Adding multiple 2FA methods for your accounts is another smart move. You could use a hardware security key and keep authentication apps as a backup. So, if one method fails or goes missing, you have a spare to fall back on.

Your Digital Security Action Plan

  1. Upgrade Your Devices (Optional)
    • Switch to an Apple laptop for enhanced built-in security.
    • Use an Apple iPhone which offers strong security features.
  2. Secure Your Accounts
    • Use a password manager, like 1Password, to create and store unique, complex passwords for each of your accounts.
    • Activate two-factor authentication (2FA) on all your accounts. Use an app like Authy that supports backup code restoration.
    • For crucial accounts, such as your email, add an extra layer of security by using a hardware security key like YubiKey.
  3. Secure Your Email
    • Enable 2FA and use a hardware security key for your main email account.
    • Set up a backup email account for recovery purposes, ensuring it’s also secured with a strong password, 2FA, and a hardware security key.
    • Create and use separate email addresses and phone numbers for your main primary accounts critical to your business.
  4. Update Regularly
    • Enable automatic updates on your devices to ensure you have the latest security patches.
  5. Prepare for Emergencies
    • Write down your backup codes and keep them in a secure place.
    • Have an alternate 2FA method in place in case your primary method fails.
  6. Consider Passwordless Authentication
    • Explore the use of Google Passkey for a secure, passwordless login experience.
  1. Secure Your Wi-Fi Connection
    • Ensure your Wi-Fi is password protected and regularly update the password.
    • Consider using a VPN for added privacy and security, especially when using public Wi-Fi.
  2. Be Cautious with Social Engineering
    • Be wary of phishing attempts via email or text message.
    • Do not share personal information online unless absolutely necessary, and only on secured, trusted websites.
  3. Regularly Review Account Activity
    • Regularly check the activity on your accounts to detect any unauthorized access.
    • Set up alerts for unusual account activity, if available.
  4. Data Backup
  • Regularly backup your important data to an external hard drive or a cloud service.

Remember, the more steps you take to secure your digital life, the safer you are. However, not all steps are compulsory. The most important thing is to understand your own needs and comfort level, and to make informed decisions based on that understanding.

By taking these additional steps, you can further improve your digital security and have peace of mind.


As we shift more of our lives into the digital space, safeguarding our online presence is crucial. Just as you’d secure your physical belongings – lock your home, install a security system, or insure your car – it’s vital to protect your digital assets.

Securing your digital life might seem like a tedious task initially, but with the right tools and habits, it becomes manageable and part of your daily routine. Start with the basics: use robust, unique passwords and manage them with a password manager. Switch on two-factor authentication for your accounts, preferably using an app that allows backup code restoration or a hardware security key.

Remember, your email account is like your digital life support, as it’s often the recovery point for most of your digital accounts. So, ensure it’s well-protected. Keep your devices and software up-to-date to shield against known vulnerabilities, and plan for digital emergencies by having backup codes and multiple 2FA methods.

Digital security isn’t a set-and-forget deal but an ongoing process. Stay updated on the latest threats and security practices, and be ready to tweak your security setup as needed. After all, your digital life is an extension of your real life, and it deserves the same level of protection and care.

In summary, securing your digital life isn’t just about piling on security layers but also about creating a plan that’s easy to manage and recover from if things go wrong. It’s about striking a balance between a fortress and accessibility. With the steps outlined in this guide, you’re now ready to strike that balance and ensure a safer, more secure digital life.

Let me know your thoughts in comments.

Useful Tools

HaveIBeenPwned: A Resource for Data Breach Awareness

HaveIBeenPwned is an invaluable online tool that helps you discover if your personal data has been compromised in a data breach. It is easy to use – you simply enter your email address or phone number into the site’s search bar. The site then cross-references your details with a database of known data breaches. If your details appear in this database, it means they have been exposed in a data breach. This tool helps by increasing your awareness of your personal data security, enabling you to take necessary steps, such as changing passwords or implementing two-factor authentication, to better protect your digital identity.

VirusTotal is another excellent tool for maintaining digital hygiene. It is especially useful when you receive a suspicious link or file, but are hesitant to open it due to potential security risks. VirusTotal uses a multitude of antivirus engines and website scanners to analyze files and URLs for malicious content. You just need to paste the link or upload the file on the VirusTotal website, and it will scan and provide a report about any potential threats. This tool helps to confirm whether a file or link is safe before you interact with it, significantly reducing the risk of falling victim to malware or other cyber threats.


I’d like to express my gratitude to several individuals and resources that have greatly assisted me in the creation of this guide.

  • Akash Anand, a cybersecurity expert, for generously sharing his expertise.
  • Deepak Kanakaraju, whose inspiring article on security can be found here.
  • Damini Soni, for her invaluable help in trialing these methods in real-world scenarios.
  • Manish Ahuja, Founder of PayCheckToProfit, for sharing his thoughts on passkeys and the Brave browser.
  • Pravin Mishra, a cloud computing expert, for his insightful views on security keys.
  • Akaash Gupta, for his valuable contributions and insights.
  • Several YouTube channels: All Things Secured, Shannon Morse, Privacy X, Liron Segev, Crosstalk Solutions, and John Hammond, for their informative and educational content.
  • Lastly, thank you to OpenAI’s ChatGPT for assisting in refining and structuring this guide.

Again, it’s always good practice to reach out to these individuals to ensure they’re comfortable with being mentioned in this way.

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